A static website is a type of website that consists of web pages with fixed content that doesn't change unless the webmaster manually updates the HTML code. In other words, the content of a static website remains the same for every visitor and doesn't change dynamically based on user interactions or other external factors. Static websites are generally simpler to create and maintain compared to dynamic websites, which require more complex back-end systems and databases.

Key characteristics of static websites include:

  • HTML/CSS/JavaScript: Static websites are built using HTML for structuring content, CSS for styling, and JavaScript for basic interactivity.
  • No Database Interaction: Since the content is fixed, there's no need for a database to store or retrieve data.
  • Faster Loading Times: Static websites typically load faster because the web server simply serves pre-generated HTML files without the need for database queries or complex processing.
  • Lower Hosting Costs: Static websites can often be hosted on simpler and cheaper web hosting solutions, as they require less server resources compared to dynamic websites.
  • Security: Due to their simplicity, static websites can be more secure since there's less surface area for potential vulnerabilities.
  • Limited Interactivity: Interactivity on static websites is limited to what can be achieved with JavaScript and client-side scripting. Complex user interactions might not be feasible without more advanced techniques.
  • Content Updates: Any changes to the content of a static website require manual editing of the HTML code, which can be time-consuming and might require some technical knowledge.
  • Best Use Cases: Static websites are well-suited for simple portfolios, landing pages, informational websites, blogs with infrequent updates, and sites where interactivity is not a core requirement.

To build a static website, you would typically create HTML files for each page, use CSS to style those pages, and use JavaScript for any interactive elements. Once the website is built, it can be hosted on a web server, and visitors can access the content by entering the website's URL into a web browser.

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